Filename and line information


Changes the current line number and file name in the preprocessor.


#line lineno (1)
#line lineno "filename" (2)


1) Changes the current preprocessor line number to lineno. Occurrences of the macro __LINE__ beyond this point will expand to lineno plus the number of actual source code lines encountered since.
2) Also changes the current preprocessor file name to filename. Occurrences of the macro __FILE__ beyond this point will produce filename.

Any preprocessing tokens (macro constants or expressions) are permitted as arguments to #line as long as they expand to a valid decimal integer optionally following a valid character string.


This directive is used by some automatic code generation tools which produce C++ source files from a file written in another language. In that case, #line directives may be inserted in the generated C++ file referencing line numbers and the file name of the original (human-editable) source file.

The line number following the directive #line __LINE__ is implementation-defined (there are two possible values that __LINE__ can expand to in this case: number of endlines seen so far, or number of endlines seen so far plus the endline that ends the #line directive)


#include <assert.h>
#define FNAME "test.c"
int main(void)
#line 777 FNAME
        assert(2+2 == 5);

Possible output:

test: test.c:777: int main(): Assertion `2+2 == 5' failed.


  • C11 standard (ISO/IEC 9899:2011):
  • 6.10.4 Line control (p: 173)
  • C99 standard (ISO/IEC 9899:1999):
  • 6.10.4 Line control (p: 158)
  • C89/C90 standard (ISO/IEC 9899:1990):
  • 3.8.4 Line control

See also

C++ documentation for Filename and line information